Interesting Facts about the Hummingbird

  • Hummingbirds are only found in North America, Central America & South America.
  • Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world, ranging in size from 2 – 8”.
  • Live span:  they live for about 4 years
  • Hummingbirds visit from 2 to 5,000 flowers a day
  • Hummingbird hearts beat from 500 to 1,200 times per minute
  • Hummingbird wings beat around 60 times per second
  • For their size, hummingbirds have the largest heart & brain of all animals
  • Hummingbirds have no sense of smell
  • Hummingbirds can consume twice their weight daily
  • Their color is produced by refraction of light, not by pigment
  • Their average speed is 45 miles p/hour
  • Their tongues are twice the length of their bills
  • In addition to nectar, hummingbirds eat insects for protein
  • Hummingbirds cannot walk, only perch
  • Hummingbirds fly only 20% of the time
  • Costa Rica has 850 different bird species and 51 species of hummingbirds.

Shop for this beautifully handcrafted Hummingbird charm.

84766-102pHummingbirdCharm

Courtship and Reproduction
Hummingbirds are competitive and solitary creatures. Hybrid mating is relatively rare among hummingbirds. It is often the female who begins looking for the male once she has chosen a location for her nest and started to build it.  Males attract females by posing, flying in particular patterns and creating vocal and wing sounds. Sometimes they dive toward females, or fly back and forth before them, showing off the iridescence of their feathers.  The males also ‘possess’ territories rich in flowers and the females gain an ample food source in exchange for offering the male sole paternity rights.  Intercourse is brief, though it may occur several times, but never for more than one day. The birds can actually mate while in mid-flight.  Once the act has been completed, the female hummingbird lays the eggs and then hatches them on her own. She usually chooses a location that is not in a most favorable feeding area, opting for peace and quiet, even if it means relying upon insects as the staple of her diet.

The eggs are tiny, the size of jellybeans, and the average incubation is 16 days. Usually only two eggs are laid, a day apart, and the mother uses techniques to warm and shade them to maintain a constant 90 degree temperature until they are ready to hatch. It takes a little more than three weeks for hummingbird babies to grow feathers and reach their adult size, while their bills reach full size a bit later. At four weeks, the birds are ready to survive on their own.

Hummingbird food habits
Because hummingbirds have no sense of smell, they must find their food by sight. Young hummingbirds must learn to expect nectar from colored blossoms.  The flowers hummingbirds use for nectar sources have evolved with them. To attract a hummingbird, a flower must be red, bloom in the daytime, be rich in nectar and lack any sort of landing pad thereby eliminating competition from other birds.

Flowers without landing pads are accessible only by hummingbirds, which can hover and feed while hanging in the air. Other flowers such as trumpet or tubular shaped blossoms provide selective feeding for the hummingbirds since only the long, narrow bill of the hummingbird is able to access the succulent nectar. Some hummingbirds feed from a single plant all day. Others have fixed feeding routes that cover large distances. They methodically fly in special patterns that define their territory. To survive, a hummingbird must consume more than its weight in food each day, which equates to between 6,000 and 12,000 calories per day. About 70% of this food comes in the form of liquefied sugar and the rest from insect protein. A hummingbird’s diet consists of nectar, sap and insects. If insects are available, a hummingbird may eat hundreds of them in one day, they may even raid a spider’s web to eat a captured insect or the spider himself. The nectar mixture in our hummingbird feeders is comprised of one part sugar, four parts water. A higher sugar content could cause cavities in their bills and obesity. Most days the entire contents of our feeders will be completely consumed by late afternoon. The birds consume 50 pounds of sugar a week.

Survival of Hummingbirds
Hummingbird survival skills must be learned by the new adults on their own, including flying, searching for food, avoiding predators, bathing and grooming.

Territoriality
Territoriality can become a crucial, even violent issue. The birds will stake out an area of nectar-rich flowering plants and defend it vehemently by dive-bombing and occasionally stabbing rivals with their beaks.

Predators
They include hawks, orioles, roadrunners, crows, jays and other large birds. Mice and cats can also represent a danger to baby hummingbirds and in minor cases, praying mantises and tarantulas. However, history shows that humans were its largest predators in the late nineteenth century when we killed millions of hummingbirds to use their feathers and bodies as ornaments on hats.

Migration of Hummingbird
Males migrate about three weeks earlier than females. This may be that the males are protecting the females and their young from starvation by exploring unknown territories in advance.

Sleeping Habits
Because hummingbirds have very little down and body fat, they must rely on their metabolisms to keep them warm. To protect themselves from lower temperatures at night, they go into a torpid state, meaning their normal body temperature of 86 degrees can drop to as low as 70 degrees, often matching the outside air. This ability allows them to conserve energy as their heartbeat slows from a daytime high of 1,200 beats a minute to 159 beats a minute.

Pollinators
Similar to the bee, the hummingbird seeks nectar from flowering plants. During the process of extracting the nectar from the flower tube, pollen clings to their bill and feathers. As they visit different flowers of the same species of plant fertilization occurs and seeds are produced.

How To Keep Your Dog Happy?

How To Keep Your Dog Happy

Every pet owner has to consider several things before getting the pet they want. Taking care of your pet is paramount and this involves making them happy. Here are some of the ways of keeping our dog happy always.

Firstly, just like any other pet, treat your dog with care and love. Dogs are sensitive animals therefore you cannot just play around with it like a lifeless toy. You should be able to treat your dog like a family member as well as a best friend. This will involve you playing with him and spending time together as much as you can. You can also buy dog jewelry to show the kind of love you have for your dog.

Dogs do not like being chained and choked on the leash all the time. You should not lock him in a kernel or in the house all day. Actually, allowing him to play outside will be good for his health. Dogs love running around and having fun and you can dedicate some of your time for yours to play. Apart from having fun, your dog also gets to exercise and stay energetic.

Just like human beings, dogs also love to socialize with their own kind. You have to come up with a schedule which dictates the number of times you take your dog for a walk. Consider going to a park where he will get to interact and play with other dogs. This is also a good opportunity for your dog to get some fresh air and exercise.

You do not need to confine your dog to certain activities only. Knowing the kind of activities which he likes to do can give you an insight into which of them you can incorporate into their day-to-day routine. Some dogs, for example, love swimming and any chance they get makes them happy. You can let them swim in your swimming pool or look for a safe river or lake for them to enjoy the wetness.

A healthy dog is a happy dog. Apart from exercise, make sure that you maintain a healthy diet for him. If you notice any allergies or infections, you should take your dog to the vet immediately. Training your dog on matters of etiquette and imparting on him basic skills is also important.

Black Diamond Paw Print Jewelry

Black Diamond Paw Print Jewelry

Simple acts of love and kindness can go a long way in ensuring that your dog is happy all the time. Sometimes, all your dog needs is a loving scratch, rub or pat. Old dogs are especially fond of such loving gestures. You can do this anytime you are free and help your dog relax. Treating your dog to their favorite food is also another way of keeping him happy. You can also buy him toys to play with or get another dog to keep him company. As mentioned above, dog paw jewelry or any other kind of jewelry is another simple gesture of expressing one’s love of his/her dog.